History of Jean Pagési dit St-Amand and Lepage
By Father Gérard Lebel
The surname Pagési may appear of Italian coloring. It is not so. Pagès in Old French means peasant. The pagesi derivative recalls the title of farmer. As for the nickname Saint-Amand, if it appeals to more 18 French localities bearing the name of this saint Belgian bishop who lived in the seventh century.
Jean Pagési was born to 1650 in Gémozac, today chief town of canton, district of Saintes, in Charente-Maritime, in old Saintonge. Gemozac stands as an important crossroads leading its arteries to Asintes, Cozes, Pons and Saint-Genis. The demolition of the old castle of Gémozac in 1829 led to the discovery of vast undergrounds.
We know almost nothing of the life of Jean Pagési in France, son of Pierre and Marie Michel. Jean had attended the schools; he knew how to sign! jan pagesi.
In Quebec, when Monseigneur de Laval, 15 August 1670, received 44 confirmands, there was in the group a man of about twenty years, the eleventh of the list, bearing the name of Jean Pagési. Impossible to be wrong. It is indeed our ancestor whose many descendants recognize themselves by the nicknames Saint-Amand or Lepage.
What strikes the mind at this religious ceremony is that the participants were almost all new immigrants. Jean Pagési's contract of employment has not yet been found. What boat had all these newcomers borrowed? Three well-known ships had left La Rochelle for Quebec that year: Hélène de Flessinque, Saint-Pierre and Nouvelle-France. But the first two docked at the quay of the capital 18 August and 21 September. As for the boat New France, it does not report his arrival day or that of his departure. Would it be he who brought the ancestor Pagési to our side? Pure hypothesis! There are missing knits in the knitting of our history. Maybe Jean had arrived with us since 1669?
The second report of the presence of Pagési goes back to 23 October 1672. That day, he was studying the notary Romain Becquet, with Paul Denys de Saint-Simon. The latter, born in Paris, born 13 June 1649, son of Simon, Sieur de la Trinité, and Françoise Dutartre, owned at a place called Saint-Denis, low town of Quebec, a farm of 2 arpents front whose 8 area were cleared, There was a house and a barn built there. Jean undertook to manage "as a good father" this fledgling farm. He promised the landlord to give him each year, at the Candlemas, 20 wheat bush and pea 5. In return, the tenant can take firewood and retain the surplus profits for him. The engagement would take life on January 1er 1673 and is expected to die three years later, after "finials" finished and completed.
These were the humble beginnings of Jean Pagési among the population of Quebec.
And now, the 7 November 1676, Jean Pagési, said Saint-Amand, comes to the house of the notary Antoine Adhemar, then resident in Champlain. Jacques Benoît, a resident of Saint-Éloi, offers Pagési a land of 2 arpents head on the river with a depth of 40. This concession was in the seigniory of Saint-Charles-des-Roches, today Grondines. The seller had obtained it from the Hospital Sisters of the Hôtel-Dieu of Quebec, owners of 3 / 4 of earth-width linker by 3 depth leagues. In 1676, the banal mill was in a position to make good flour.
Jean Pagési promises to pay Benoît the sum of 120 pounds in 2 equal installments. In a single file, signed this sales contract Jan Pagesi, Jacques Benoist, Rene Chartier and the notary. It is also known that, on 18 October 1677, the Hospitallers conceded a land to Jean Pagési in their lordship of Saint-Charles-des-Roches. Jacques Benoît had debts. Antoine Trottier, Sieur des Ruisseaux, demanded from Benoit, the 13 January 1677, that the 120 books he should receive from Pagési be handed over in full in addition to other claims. The agreement was signed at Batiscan, at the house of Trottier.
Is Jean Pagési an unstable man? Unhappy farmer? On 11 October 1677, he sold the land obtained from Jacques Benoît to Jacques Hudde or Heudes, of unknown origin, husband of Marie Meunier for a decade. Price of this sale: 120 pounds and 20 wheat germs. A meager profit. Michel Roy, said Châtellerault, parafa the document in the presence of Louis Poupard and Jacques Chaillé, the seller and the buyer.
Does Pagesi want to leave Saint-Charles-des-Roches? The 3 November 1679, he sells, gives up, leaves, abandons and transports his dwelling of 3 arpents of front of ground and 40 of depth to the poitevin Jean Pousset, husband of Louise Jacquier. The whole is liquidated for the sum of 75 pounds. Decidedly, Pagési took time to grow his wings.
The south bank of the river may be less ungrateful than the north shore. 23 November 1680, Jean Pagési, resident of Lotbinière, is in Quebec City to conclude a deal with businessman Nicolas Marion.
What is this agreement? Pagesi promises "to do well and surely following the coustume hundred cords of hardwood" on the land owned by Marion in the Seigniory of Lauzon. John immediately receives 60 payrolls. The other 40 will be paid to him "as and when he needs it". Sign market Marion, Pagési, Duquet and Rageot.
What was Jean's main occupation in Lotbinière? I do not know. At the 1681 census, Jean Pagési, 30 years, is presented as owner owning 2 arpents of land in cultivation. His neighbors are Jean Châtenay, 35 years, and Louis Montenu, 30 years. Do we have an association of singles? Jean Dania and Marguerite Vaillant are the second neighbors of Pagési. These, on the occasion of the baptism of their sixth and last child, appeal to Jean Pagési to sponsor Marie-Madeleine, November 8 1682. The godmother was Marie-Madeleine Tousignan, said Lapointe. Father Claude Volant recorded the act at Pointe-de-Lévis.
Will Jean start his home in Lotbinière? Nothing less certain.
Jean Pagési had to have 34 or 35 years of age when he met Marie-Catherine Gladu. His parents Jean Gladu, known as Cognac, and his mother Marie Langlois had married at Cap-de-la-Madeleine, in the fall of 1665. Marie-Catherine, eldest of a worthy family, had been born to 1667. One of her sisters, Jeanne, will become a servant nun for the poor of Montreal's Hôtel-Dieu.
How to explain that a resident of Lotbinière met a girl he doubled in age in Cap-de-la-Madeleine and proposed marriage to him? It's a well kept secret. It does not appear that they had a matrimonial agreement before a notary. The 14 February 1684, a Monday, according to the custom, Jean and Marie-Catherine received the nuptial blessing of the abbot Louis-Pierre Thury, zealous missionary of the place.
Youth and old age united to found a new family in New France. Where did the founding couple transport their penates? This is what I will try to show in the following lines, on the occasion of the birth of children.
I look forward to introducing the little family of Catherine and Jean. They were 5 subjects: an anonymous, Jeanne, Anne-César, Jean-Baptiste, Catherine-Antoinette. The first, dead at birth, was buried in Batiscan, the 14 February 1685. There was a thatched church in Batiscan from 1683. Father Claude Volant took care of this mission. What were the Pagési doing in Batiscan? No answer. Two years later, Jeanne was born in Montreal where she was baptized 6 October 1687 by the Sulpician Étienne Guyotte, parish priest. At the age of 34 years, the 22 August 1722, Jeanne married the Bordeaux Michel Deveris, son of late parents Pascal and Catherine Janson. The couple remained without posterity.
The ancestor César Marin, sieur of La Masuère, and Marie-Anne Noir, known as Rolland, the 21 mars 1690, in Lachine, left as godfather and godmother each half of their first name to the little Anne-César Pagési. This one, in Montreal, the 11 December 1712, married the military Pierre Roy, said Potevin; she was responsible for 4 children. The only male child who will pass on to future generations the name Pagési, known as Saint-Amand, will be named John the Baptist. Born in Lachine on October 26 1692, he was the godson of Pierre Cardinal and Clémence Bosne. 6 September 1717, in Quebec City, Jean-Baptiste, miller, married Marie-Anne Ondoyer. Their dozen children were raised in the Montreal area and adopted the nicknames SAINT-AMAND and LEPAGE. Finally, the younger Catherine-Antoinette Pagési married in Champlain, in October 1711, with Jean-Baptiste Hayot, widower in child of Marie-Charlotte Bodel. Their 3 offspring were born in Champlain Parish.
The children of Jean Pagési and Marie-Catherine Gladu took root mainly in the Montreal area where their descendants still live.
"The busy life is long," according to Leonardo da Vinci. The life of Jean Pagési was that of a migrant who never stopped walking. His heart stopped beating in a village new to him.
"The 27 April 1695 died in the communion of our Mother St. Church Cath Ap & Rom Jan Baptiste Pagesi said St Lover lived about 50 years cy before inhabitant of china in lisle of montreal and recently residing in this village of Boucherville, which died suddenly could not receive any sacrament.It was buried in the cemetery of the parish church of the Holy family of Boucherville the 28 April 1695 "...
Signed the act of his funeral surgeon La Baume, Joseph Huet and Jacques Bourdon, all inhabitants of Boucherville.
How did Catherine Gladu feed the 4 young mouths that surrounded her table? History has left us a touching fact, which still questions us. The 3 July 1708, the widow Pagési resigns herself to engage her son of 12 years, Jean-Baptiste, "during five years", in the service of Louis-Odet Piercot, Sieur de Bailleul, teaches in foot "in the troops of the marine ". The soldier promised to treat his young servant humanely, to feed him and to maintain his clothes, clothes and shoes "according to his condition during the said time". After 5 years of service, Jean-Baptiste will come back with a brand new "mazamet hood", panties, a fashionable tapabord, 6 country canvas shirts, 2 pairs of shoes, etc. Nine years later, day to day, the 3 July 1717, Jean-Baptiste passed his marriage contract with Mr.-Anne Ondoyer. He had gone to good school of life.
As for Catherine Gladu, she agreed to remarry only the 1er December 1715. Antoine Boyer, known as Lafrance, a native soldier of the Ile de Ré, was his second husband. Together they lived a happy and peaceful life. Antoine was buried in Montreal, the 2 March 1745; Catherine, November 23 1737, at the age of 72 years.
Despite my good will, I have only touched on the hidden life of Catherine Gladu and Jean Pagési. Can I recall the beautiful stanza of the madelinot poet Roland Jomphe?
"On the ocean of a finite time
Breath the wind of memory
Passing the door of oblivion
To find a little history.